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Tradition "PUKUL SAPU" in the MALUKU

HISTORY OF CULTURE | Tradition "PUKUL SAPU" in the MALUKU | Tradition "PUKUL SAPU" in the MALUKU or Tradition at a broom held once a year on the 7th of Shawwal. This year was held on 27 September. Culture that has survived hundreds of years is rooted in the struggle Kapitan Telukabessy who led the struggle against the people of Maluku VOC years 1636-1646. After being defeated, Kapitan Telukabessy sentenced to death. His army then broke up with a broom at the event.

The tradition has lasted until now, the youth and adult men participated in the broom at Mamala and Morella. Participate at the broom is the pride and virility test as a man. The event was watched by thousands of citizens of the Moluccas and several foreign tourists. Participants were divided into two groups, each consisting of 20 persons. Each fighter stood face to face with a fighter from another group in the middle of a football field-size arena. Each person holding the stick, palm trunks for disabetkan. Lidi new replaced if damaged or broken.

The group that had a turn hitting, retreated a few steps to take distance sabetan stick. Participants from groups opposed to standing, raising his stick above his head and allow the body to disabet stick. When the referee blew the whistle, the participants menyabetkan stick to the opponent's body screaming penggugah spirit. Sabetan stick, leaving welts on the skin the waist, chest, and back. Blood came out of the torn skin. Kerenyitan painfully visible in the faces of the participants. Turn to hit the switch after the opponent to retreat into a corner near the audience that surrounds the arena.

"In this tradition there is no grudge, because at the broom is a symbol of brotherhood. The fighters from different parts of the Moluccas, Gowa (South Sulawesi) and Mataram (Java) have united against the invaders are here, "said Abdul Kadir Latukau, King Affairs Morella. The wounds on the body of the participants at the broom is a symbol of unity to commemorate the fighters under the command of Kapitan Telukabessy.

War Kapahaha
Events described in the book, the war began the siege of Fort Kapahaha owned by residents of Maluku and the establishment of the headquarters of the VOC in the Gulf Sawatelu in 1636. At the height of the war that occurred seven days and seven nights, the fighters attacked urgency because of the ground and cannon fire VOC ships. Kapahaha finally mastered the Dutch fort, the Kapitan Telukabessy but escaped.

Captured combatants captured in the Gulf Sawatelu and partly brought to Batavia. Telukabessy given a choice, surrender or be killed prisoners. On August 19, 1946, surrendered to the commander Telukabessy Verheijden. He was hanged by the Governor of Amboina Gerard Demmer Fort Victoria in Ambon on 13 September 1946.

The prisoners are held captive for three months was released on October 27, 1946. The fighters then returned to their respective homelands. At the release ceremony, in addition to traditional dances and folk songs, also performed at the event by the youth Kapahaha broom.

This cultural attractions attract foreign tourists. Two tourists from Britain and the Netherlands participated in the event at a broom in Mamala. They felt the blows stick and treated with oil palm mamala. Mamala oil made from coconut oil which are the prayers in Islam by traditional elders and religious leaders in the home of King Mamala. In Morella, wounds treated with the sap sabetan distance.

The tradition of broom at each other full of advice for maintaining unity and brotherhood. Advice contained in kapata (poem) in Mamala and Morella old was expected to unify the country in the region every child full of hills. Harmony is expected to promote fish-producing areas, nutmeg, clove, chocolate, resin, rattan, and sago it.

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